PPP)

2012 R&D as % of GDP

Americas

 

473.7 2.3% 491.8 2.3% 505.6 2.3%

 

USA

415.1 2.8% 427.2 2.8% 436.0 2.8%

Asia

 

429.9 1.8% 473.5 1.9% 514.4 1.9%

 

Japan

148.3 3.4% 152.1 3.5% 157.6 3.5%

 

China

149.3 1.5% 174.9 1.6% 198.9 1.6%

 

India

32.5 0.8% 38.0 0.8% 41.3 0.8%

Europe

 

310.5 1.9% 326.7 1.9% 338.1 2.0%

Rest of World

 

37.8 1.0% 41.4 1.1% 44.5 1.1%

Total

 

1,251.9 2.0% 1,333.4 2.0% 1,402.6 2.0%

GERD: gross expenditure on R&D

PPP: purchasing power parity

Source: Battelle, 2012 Global R&D Funding Forecast, R&D Magazine

Table 1:         Global R&D spending 2010-2012

 

 

Year

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

GERD/GDP (%)

0.90 0.95 1.07 1.13 1.23 1.34 1.42 1.44

Source: UNESCO Science Report 2010

Table 2:         China's gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) as a percentage of GDP

 

Further reading

Battelle 2012 Global R&D Funding Forecast, R&D Magazine, 2011.

Knowledge, networks and nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century, Royal Society, 2011.

UNESCO Science Report 2010, pp 379-397, Mu Rongping, 2010.

China: The next science superpower? James Wilsdon and James Keeley, Demos, ISBN 1 84180 173 9, 2007.

 

 

(The trend reports are developed for DECHEMA by international experts and journalists. DECHEMA does not accept any liability for incomplete or wrong information.)

 


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